The fresh Perception from Kurdish and you will Turkish toward Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect regarding Persian Azerbaijan and Adjacent Places
––. 1989. Brand new Sentence structure and Semantics of Verb Morphology from inside the Modern Aramaic: A great Jewish Dialect regarding Iraqi Kurdistan. American Chinese language Series, 69. The new Refuge: Western China Community.
Meehan, Charles, and you may Jacqueline Alon. 1979. The brand new Son Whoever Tunic Stuck in order to Your: A Folktale on the Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect off Zakho (Iraqi Kurdistan). Israel Chinese language Degree nine:174-203.
Sabar, Yona. 1976. Lel-Huza: Tale and History within the a pattern away from Lamentations into the Ninth from Ab from the Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect away from Zakho. JSS -62.
––. 1988. The publication regarding Exodus in Neo-Aramaic regarding the Dialect of Jewish Area out of Zakho [Hebrew]. Jerusalem: Magnes Press.
These types of half a dozen binyanim out of Syriac was basically reduced in NENA to help you a couple of first classes, which have a third closely allied into the 2nd
Thomason, Sarah Grey, and Terrence Kaufman. 1988. Language Get in touch with, Creolization, and Genetic Linguistics. Berkeley and La: Univ. regarding California Press.
The original group descends from the new peal, the next classification regarding the pael, while the 3rd, whose vocalism pursue regarding the following, is derived from this new afel
Another basis complicating the difficulty is the differential affects of your individuals co-territorial languages. This new dialect distinctions within this Kurdish are particularly big, also to the impression can be tracked a number of the type among NENA languages. Such, the fresh Jewish Neo-Aramaic regarding Halabja, for instance the Kurdish of your own urban area, doesn’t separate something special and coming stressful, however, in which Kurdish keeps such as for example a positive change, very does Neo-Aramaic. During the Azerbaijan, Turkish possess exerted solid affect this new Jewish dialect (Garbell 1965b), additionally the dialects of the plain out-of Mosul show a strong determine out-of Arabic maybe not viewed somewhere else.
Tkhuma (Tx): The words out of descendants away from emigrants from 1 of semi-separate ashirets off the southern area of Poultry, now citizen over the Khabur Area into the Syria. Information is of Jacobi (1973) and you will my personal notes.
(5) Syriac got about three very first spoken stems, the fresh new peal, the fresh pael, additionally the afel. These types of was additional about three inactive stems, formed about basic of them because of the prefixation away from elizabeth[Theta]-: this new e[Theta]pael, the newest elizabeth[Theta]paal, as well as the ettafal. This case can be found throughout the NENA. For the majority NENA languages, verbs tend to stay-in new verb groups where they certainly were included in prior to grade of the words. That’s, the new descendant from an effective Syriac peal verb might possibly be a good NENA Classification We verb, and a Syriac pael verb would-be a great NENA Group II verb: eg, Urmi ptaxa ‘open’ regarding before peal, and you may sadure ‘send’ out of before pael. But not, in the Jewish Azerbaijani, Halabja, and perhaps Koy Sanjaq, the course subscription might have been reorganized and is predictable with the base of your form of the base in lieu of their historical provider. Such as for instance, when you look at the Azerbaijani the latest C stalk contains the function CaCoC- having voice verbs, any sort of the supply, www.datingranking.net/tr/manhunt-inceleme and you can CCaC- having middle-weakened verbs: garosen ‘I are pulling’, however, kwasan ‘I (f.) have always been descending’ (Garbell 1965, 64).
(11) Various other really extreme innovation into the NENA is the 3rd people copula having l: ile ‘he is’, ila ‘she is’. This form can get derive (Noldeke 1868, 203) out of we[Theta] leh ‘he has’, but no copula think its great is located exterior NENA. The initial and you will second person don’t have a keen l, but into the Jewish Azerbaijani, in which the l could have been general through the paradigm: Jilu iwIt ‘you (masc.) are’, Aradhin we:earn ‘I (masc.) am’, Azerbai big’ (Garbell 1965, 64). ile is located while in the NENA but in the Halabja, with -(y)e: yarxa rahamim-ye ‘it ‘s the day of mercy’. None Turoyo neither Mandaic enjoys versions parallel so you’re able to ile: Turoyo harke-yo ‘he are here’, harke-zero ‘I are here’; Mandaic basim-ye ‘he is actually charming’, basim-na ‘I have always been charming’ (Macuch 1965, 443).
(19) The existing Aramaic term for ‘son’, bra during the BT, could have been stretched in all NENA except Hertevin by the introduction of the diminutive suffix -ona/-una: Azerbaijan Jewish brona (Garbell 1965, 297), Jilu bruna (Fox 1992, 51), Aradhin bru:na (Krotkoff 1982, 122), Tisqopa brona (Rubba, private interaction), Zakho brona (Meehan and you may Alon 1979, 177). Yet not, both Turoyo and Mandaic has actually a keen epenthetic vowel, however, zero suffix: Turoyo ?abro (Jastrow 1985, 221), and Mandaic eber or ebra (Macuch 1965, 520).
b) In some instances, Hertevin aligns with Turoyo, contrary to the rest of NENA. They does not have a great CCaCa expose demanding (6), doesn’t have sodir preterite (12), does not have any preposition ta (15), and uses ruh in order to create reflexive pronouns (14).
––. 1965. The brand new Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect of Persian Azerbaijan: Linguistic Investigation and you may Folkloristic Messages. Janua Linguarum, collection practica 3. The fresh Hague: Mouton.